|Imagine freedom from religion. That would be good (ffrf.org)! But would we know the Path?|
|Path to Deliverance (BPS)|
- [Scholars suggest they belong to the same author, the first being a preliminary attempt to lay out the Path (magga) and the latter a full fledged effort; or it may be that Buddhaghosa used the first as an outline and filled it in with the instructions of many enlightened elders and earlier now lost texts.]
|The Path of Purification|
|The Path of Freedom|
- (I) purification (visuddhi) of virtue (sila) is
- (II) purification of mind (citta); its goal is:
- (III) purification of view (ditthi); its goal:
- (IV) purification by overcoming doubt (kankhāvitarana); its goal:
- (V) purification by [directly] knowing and seeing what is path and not-path (maggāmagga-ñānadassana); its goal:
- (VI) the purification by knowing and seeing the path-progress (patipadā-ñānadassana); its goal:
- (VII) the purification by knowing and seeing (ñānadassana); the goal of this purification is deliverance freed of all clinging.
|More than anything I want to be free!|
|What is the Path to Freedom, the Path of Purification of the Buddhist shramana?|
|Shakyamuni Buddha, Gandhara art|
- effulgence of light (obhāsa),
- knowledge (ñāna),
- rapture (bliss, pīti),
- tranquility (passaddhi),
- happiness (sukha),
- determination (adhimokkha),
- energy (paggaha),
- awareness (upatthāna),
- delight (nikanti).
- See The Path of Purification (Vis.M. XX, 105f., Appendix).
- 1. knowledge (ñāna) consisting of the contemplation of [the incessant] rise and fall [of phenomena] (udayabbayānupassanā-ñāna),
- 2. in contemplation of dissolution (bhangānupassanā-ñāna),
- 3. in awareness of the dreadful (bhayatūpatthānā-ñāna),
- 4. in contemplation of the miserable (ādīnavānupassanā-ñāna),
- 5. in contemplation of aversion (nibbidānupassanā-ñāna),
- 6. in the desire for liberation (muccitu-kamyatā-ñāna),
- 7. in reflecting contemplation (patisankhānupassanā-ñāna),
- 8. in equanimity regarding all formations of existence (sankhārupekkhā-ñāna) -- which is followed by
- 9. in adaptation to truth (saccānulomika-ñāna).
|The Buddha in Gandhara art, the earliest human representations (buddhaskulptur.de).|
- abandoning the belief in eternal existence (bhava-ditthi),
- giving up attachment to continued becoming,
- constant right application (of mind to meditative endeavor),
- a purified livelihood,
- overcoming of anxiety,
- absence of fear,
- acquisition of forbearance and gentleness,
- conquest of discontent and sensual delight (Path of Purification, Vis.M. XXI, 28).
- [NOTE: Nirvana alone is the "unconditioned element" not subject to arising, falling, disappointment, personality-view, suffering, greed, hatred, or delusion. It is complete and final liberation.]
|Intellectual freedom is the first to go. And when we lose it, we lose the way to wisdom.|
- that the mind is contemplating all formations as limited and is rushing forward to the unconditioned element (animitta-dhātu [synonymous with nirvana]);
- that the mind is stirred with regard to all formations of rebirth and is rushing forward to the desireless [quenched, cravingless] element (appanihita-dhātu);
- that the mind sees all things as something foreign and is rushing forward to the void element [that sees all conditioned-things as empty of self, shunyata] (or suññatā-dhātu)."
|Spiritual or not, take nourishment.|
- [Gotta = gotra: the "lineage" of ordinary uninstructed worldlings who are all subject to constant rebirth and misery and the danger of greater suffering]
|The Path of Purification|
|Now I know and see directly depending on no one!|
- the function of full understanding of unsatisfactoriness (disappointment, misery, suffering, danger),
- the function of overcoming the origin of suffering,
- the function of realizing (sacchikiriyā) the extinction of suffering,
- the function of developing (literally, "bringing into being," cultivating, making be, meditating, bhāvanā) the supermundane Noble Eightfold Path (magga).