Tuesday, May 24, 2016

The essence of "right view" (sutra)

Maurice O'Connell Walshe (trans.) from Samyutta Nikaya: An Anthology (Wheel 318-321), Kaccayanagotto Sutra (SN 12.15) edited by Dhr. Seven and Crystal Quintero, Wisdom Quarterly
Lay meditator and monastic under the bodhi tree, India (Ghosh/Tapasphotography/flickr).
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[SAVATTHI, ancient India - Ven. Kaccayana asked the Buddha:] "'Right view,* right view,' it is said, venerable sir. In what way is there right view?'
  • [*Right view,  the first step of the Noble Eightfold Path, literally means "right seeing." "Right understanding" is misleading because the connotations are too intellectual rendering it "right views" (plural) is misleading because this is not a matter of holding "views" (opinions) at all but rather of "seeing things as they really are."]
"Kaccayana, the world in general inclines toward two views, existence or non-existence. 
    Bhikkhu Bodhi (bps.lk)
  • [Existence: being (atthita, lit. "is-ness") is the theory of "Eternalism" (sassatavada). Nonexistence: nonbeing (natthita, "is-not-ness)" is the theory of "Annihilationism" (ucchedavaada), the materialism view. See discussion in Bhikkhu Bodhi's translation of DN 1, The All-Embracing Net of Views (BPS), pp. 30-33.]
"But for one who, with the highest wisdom, sees the arising/origination of the world as it really is [yathabhutam], 'non-existence of the world' does not apply. And for one who, with highest wisdom, sees the passing away of the world as it really is, 'existence of the world' does not apply.
 
"Kaccayana, the world in general grasps after systems and is imprisoned by dogmas ["ideologies" or "isms"].
 
"But one [who sees with the highest wisdom] does not go along with that system-grasping, that mental obstinacy, and dogmatic bias, does not grasp at it, does not affirm: 'This is my self.' 
  • [This is my self: Atta me ti:] Cf. SN 3.8, n. 1. Feer's edition of SN reads here atta na me ti "this is not myself," which would also make sense but is contradicted, not only in SA (Commentary), but also when the story is repeated at SN 22.90.]
Fully-ordained Buddhist nun on meditation rock in California forest (bhikkhuni.net)
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"One knows without any doubt or hesitation that whatever arises/originates is merely dukkha [inherent unsatisfactoriness of personality-phenomena and general insecurity of all conditioned existence] that what passes away is merely dukkha, and such knowledge is one's own, not depending on anyone else. This, Kaccayana, is what constitutes right view.
  • [Compare this to the point of the Heart Sutra, which states that the "perfection" of wisdom is comprehending the Five Aggregates (form, feeling, perception, mental formations, and consciousness) as empty, i.e., as void of self.]
"'Everything exists,' this is one extreme [view].
  • [Everything exists (sabbam atthi) -- from the Sanskrit form, sarvam asti (used in a slightly different sense) -- is where the defunct Sarvastivada school got its name. They held that dharmas exist  in "three times" (past, present, future). It was mainly to this early school that the label "Hinayana" ("Lesser Career or Vehicle") was applied and later misapplied to today's Theravada school (see SN 12.22, n. 1).]
"'Nothing exists,' this is the other extreme. Avoiding both extremes the Tathagata teaches a doctrine of the middle:
  • [Tathagata is the Buddha's usual way of referring to himself: literally "Thus Come" tatha-agata or "Thus Gone (beyond)" (tatha-gata). For other meanings, see Bhikkhu Bodhi, The All-Embracing Net of Views (BPS), pp. 50-53, 331-344.10.]
The Buddha remembered in gold (smep-muc).
"Conditioned by ignorance are the formations... [as at SN 12.10, which explains the dependent origin of the 12 factors involved in the conditional arising of all suffering]... So there comes about the arising of this entire mass of suffering.

"But as a result of the complete fading away and cessation of ignorance there comes the cessation of the formations; as a result of the cessation of the formations comes the cessation of consciousness [the same for all 12 links of Dependent Origination]...

"So there comes about the complete cessation of this entire mass of suffering." [The cessation of all suffering = nirvana.]

SEX: Erotic Egypt and Tantric Tibet (video)

Bettany Hughes (History); New World; China Expat; Ashley Wells, CC Liu, Wisdom Quarterly
Sex and Prostitution in the Ancient World: Egypt, Rome, Pompeii (full documentary). It's an adventure of sex and erotica in Egypt with Bettany Hughes and a larger look at the ancient world we are taught so little about by museum drones and uptight ancient archeologists (WQ).

What about Buddhist Tantric Sex?
Tibetan Buddhism, Kama Sutra, and Tantric Sex 
ChinaExpat.com updated and edited by Amber Larson, Dhr. Seven, Wisdom Quarterly
http://rubenbsoto.blogspot.com/2010/05/tantra_27.html
Tantra, by that name, derives from Vedic/Brahminical (Hindu) religions of the Indus Valley Civilization and India.

It was most common in what is today called Northern India, although it became mixed together with Southern Indian local religions such as the worship of the Goddess Kali.

A strange offshoot of it is found in the Tibetan mixed-religion sometimes called Tibetan Buddhism, but also referred to as Tibetan Lamaism. (It is a mix of indigenous Himalayan shamanic Bön and Hindu-influenced Mahayana Buddhism).

In ancient times, Tibet had a native local god/goddess religion, parallel to the Indian local/regional god/goddess systems.

Around the time of the alleged "Aryan invasions" of India (emanating from Iranian/Persian peoples to the west or Anglos/Europeans to the north, a theory that has largely been rejected in India), the threefold-concept of god (as a trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva) was consolidated by absorbing the various Dravidian local goddesses as “shaktis”  for the triad. (Originally this word meant “power,” but it came to imply “female consort”).

Sexual rites 
Jambhala (Lord of Wealth) in ritual sexual union with consort (Sino-Tibetan, 18th-19th cent.)
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Although equated with Tantra in the West, sexual rites were historically practiced by a minority of sects. For practicing groups, maithuna progressed into psychological symbolism [David Gordon White (ed.), 2000, Tantra in Practice, Princeton Univ. Press). According to White, the sexual rites of Vamamarga may have emerged from early Hindu Tantra as a means of catalyzing biochemical transformations in the body to facilitate heightened states of awareness (White, 2000). These constitute an offering to Tantric deities. Later developments in the rite emphasize the primacy of bliss and divine union, which replace the bodily connotations of earlier forms (White, 2000). This is clearly seen in Japanese tantra in Shingonshu of Tachikawa-ryu. More

Lamaism
Shiva, Shakti, Mahavidyas (Tantra)
Meanwhile, the Tibetans were left on their own; therefore, their “Lamaism” does not resemble classic Hinduism.

Buddhism then swept in, and the Tibetans really took to it in a big way. But rather like the parallel example of the Mayans in Mesoamerica (which later became Mexico) adopting the Catholic religion but adapting it to fit their own local religions (viz. the Virgin of Guadalupe) -- the Tibetans never abandoned their ancient god/goddess pairings.

Suddenly there are big Buddhist thankas (intricate wall hangings, religious paintings) with 108 Bodhisattvas. (This 108 is a sacred number in many cultures, for mathematical reasons, most notably in Asia, India in particular.

Bodhisattvas are nearly enlightened Buddhist monastics who could enter nirvana (“liberation from all suffering and rebirth”) but choose instead to be reborn to express compassion to help others find the Path and evolve to the point of enlightenment and nirvana).

Each of these 108 Bodhisattvas is shown with a naked woman, a shakti, in his lap -- merging male and female principles, in union, or “yoga” -- having sex with him…

The 108 Tibetan shaktis are the remnants of local goddesses, who still bear the mnemonic attributes (color, sacred objects they hold, mudras (hand gestures) they are making, accompanying animals, mounts, or flowers, etc.) of their former status.

Catholicism
Now, the corporate Catholic Church, with its CEO sitting in the Vatican like an Italian king, took “The Song of Solomon” from the Bible and said, “This is not about having sex with a woman, folks. This is about the Church’s longing for Jesus” [Ieshua].

So also did Tibetan Buddhists, who ran a Himalayan empire from Potala Palace in Lhasa that paralleled and possibly preceded the Vatican, explain away the sexual congress between these 108 Bodhisattvas and their shaktis as a kind of ephemeral spiritual union.

Judaism
Judaism does this in a similar way: the Shekinah (which sounds like Shakti and probably shares the same proto-Indo-European root) is a female principle representing light or god’s holy spirit.

It is known to Judaic scholars, even those who reinterpret the Talmud and biblical texts to read as exclusively monotheistic even though “God” is always plural, to represent an indigenous goddess-worship system that was absorbed into the worship of the punitive, male tribal god Jehovah or YHWH.

The major difference between the Judaic and Tibetan Buddhist systems is that the Tibetans never stopped drawing representations of the shakti. More

Immortality, youth, life-extension (video)

Crystal Quintero, Ashley Well, Dhr. Seven, Wisdom Quarterly; Veronica Grey (eternalyouthandimmortality.com); Dr. Janni Lloyd; Dr. Westerdahl (VSH); Dr. M. Martine; RT
Hebe (devi): ancient Greek Goddess of Youth. India had ambrosia, the soma of the devas.
Six simple tips for health, youth, and vitality: avoid chemical sunscreens (use zinc instead), sleep well (no pillow), use coffee (not to drink), the best kind of sex. 7th tip: alchemy water.

V. Surfer Lady Grey (surfinguniverse.com)
“You’re never too old to become younger,” says Mae West. Many people believe in our immortality as inherent. Science agrees that energy is never lost, so immortality is not really a matter of choice. It is simply a matter of acceptance, depending on how one defines it. Remaining eternally youthful, however, IS a choice. The following secrets can assist us in enjoying life. There are various ways to define “immortal.” Why would anyone want to live forever if it meant being aged -- old and feeble? Aging is not the same as getting older.

(VSH) Dr. Westerdahl, Ph.D. talks about the power of plant foods.

One is the passing of chronological time (getting older); the other is the breakdown of the body (agedness). It is possible for time to pass and the body, which is renewable, to stay youthful. What if we can look exactly the way we intend and feel, which is as good as possible? Would anyone want to prolong the life span? If so, here is how. Time will pass, but aging is a choice. Each time we buy into aging we are actually CHOOSING it. If we blow out 30 candles on a cake thinking, “Okay, now I'm 30″ with a set of expectations of what that means, we CREATE it. We could think, as we blow out candles, “Yay, I'm 23 for the 7th year in a row!” More
  • Grey runs a charitable organization, so what one pays for her book is actually a tax-deductible donation: Simply reference the California tax-exempt ID number 3074058 to claim the deduction for the amount donated, which makes it a FREE gift in a sense. It is part of her universal service. If you prefer to order a paperback version, please visit Amazon.com and search for “Eternal Youth Empire.”
Where's the HARD science?
(Rtd.rt.com/FB) How long can a human live? How can we extend life? What's the secret? Travel back in time and learn what crazy things ancients used to do to look younger. Nowadays, the answer to the everlasting question CAN be found! Meet the scientists, film directors, members of an Abkhazian long-livers choir, and find out the recipe of immortality only on RT.
(Steve Paikin) After studying centenarians all over the world, Dr. Martinez found that cultural and spiritual beliefs are more significant than genetics when it comes to health and longevity. How can this social psychological theory be put into practice?
Biocognition may hold the key if we must have everything presented to us in scientific terms with evidence based medicine. Heal the Wounds of Shame, Abandonment, Betrayal with Dr. MM

The key is orgasm-less sex, focusing on the base of the spine and using
that held energy to rejuvenate the body, a core tantric practice.

ZEN: What is and isn't Dharma (Bendowa)

Jeff Albrizze (PasaDharma.org), "The Bendowa," Dhr. Seven, CC Liu (eds.), Wisdom Quarterly
"Zen and the Art of Lawn Maintenance" (Berry Cartoons/berrystudio)
  • Free weekly Zen meditation practice in Pasadena (Neighborhood Church) with sitting and walking meditation in redwood grove, reading, discussion, Thursdays, 7:00-8:30 pm.
Lesson 23
Eihei Dogen Zenji (The Bendowa or "A Discourse on Doing One's Utmost in Practicing the Way of the Buddhas"), Shasta Abbey translation
Q 10. "There are some who say: Do not grieve over birth and death, since there is an extremely quick method for freeing yourself from them, namely, by understanding the principle that it is the innate nature of one's mind to be ever-abiding, to persist without change. This means that, because this physical body has been born, it will inevitably come to perish, but even so, this innate nature of the mind will never perish...."

(NothingSpecial) Modern interpretation of Chapter 1 of the Shobogenzo called the  translated by Mike Eido Luetchford, read by Hugh Ransley, with sound and visuals produced by Jonathan Humphrey, photography by Greg Sobczynski.
 
The "soul" vine of the Amazon (wiki)
A 10. "The view that you have just expressed is in NO way Buddhism, but rather the non-Buddhist view of the Shrenikans. This erroneous view of theirs may be stated as follows: In our bodies there is a soul-like intelligence. When this intelligence, or intellect, encounters conditions, it makes distinctions between good and bad as well as discriminating right from wrong. It is conscious of what is painful or itches from desire and is awake to what is hard to bear or easy. All such responses are within the capacity of this intelligence.

"However, when this body of ours perishes, this soul-like nature sloughs it off and is reborn somewhere else. As a result, even though it appears to perish in the here and now, it will have its rebirth in another place, never perishing, but always abiding unchanged.

"So this erroneous view goes. Be that as it may, your modeling yourself upon this view and regarding it as the Buddha's Teaching is more foolish than clutching onto a roof tile or a pebble in the belief that it is gold or some precious jewel. The shamefulness of such befuddled ignorance and delusion [begs] comparison.

Dōgen watching the moon (circa 1250).
"National Teacher Echu in Great Sung China has strongly warned us about such a view. For you to now equate the wondrous Dharma of all the Buddhas with the mistaken notion that your mind will abide while your physical features perish, and to imagine that the very thing which gives rise to the cause of birth and death has freed you from birth and death -- is this not being foolish? And how deeply pitiable! Be aware that this is the mistaken view of one who is outside the Way, and do not lend ear to it.

"Because I now feel even greater pity for you, I cannot leave the matter here, but I will try to rescue you from your erroneous view. You should understand that, in Buddhism, we have always spoken not only of body and mind as being inseparable, but also of the nature of something and the form it takes as not being two different things.
 
"As this Teaching was likewise well known in both India and China, we dare not deviate from it. Even more, in Buddhist instruction that speaks of what is persistent, all things are said to have persistence without their ever being separated into categories of 'body' and 'mind.'

"In instruction that talks about cessation, all things are said to be subject to cessation without differentiating whether they are of some particular nature or have some particular form. So why do you risk contradicting the correct principle by saying that the body ceases while the mind permanently abides? ..."

Monday, May 23, 2016

Loss and Laughter: Becoming Wise (audio)

Ashley Wells, Dhr. Seven, Wisdom Quarterly; Krista Tippett (OnBeing.org, May 19, 2016)
"This week, on 'The Amazing Race to Enlightenment,' can Jim and Suzy achieve right mindfulness? And will Barb and Candy be eliminated for relentless clinging to the self?" W
The Big Question: Does My Life Have Meaning? (Parker J. Palmer) Trying to answer the existential question of life's worth is inevitable but flawed. With words from Czeslaw Milosz as guide, a look at the question we need not answer and the ultimate definition of love.
  
The Problematic Idea of Success After a lifetime of learning and loving and losing, here are a few -- five, to be precise -- practical lessons to you and recent college graduates about what it means to lead a successful life.
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Death Is Stupid, and Other Lessons Children Teach Us About the Inevitable End Using a children's book on death as scaffolding, a case can be made for kids teaching adults how to work through grief and death better.
 
The Losses and Laughter We Grow Into (Krista Tippett) Kevin Kling is part funny guy, part poet, part playwright, and part wise man. A treasured figure on the national storytelling circuit, his voice inhabits an unusual space -- where a homegrown Minnesota wit meets Dante and Shakespeare. Born with a disabled left arm, he lost the use of his right one after a motorcycle accident nearly killed him. He shares his special angle on life's humor and its raptures -- and why we turn loss into story. More


Krista Tippett's new book: Becoming Wise: An Inquiry into the Mystery and Art of Living. Her U.S. tour will stop in 12 cities, including Minneapolis/St. Paul, Chicago, Austin, St. Louis, Tulsa, New York, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Portland. And check out the new podcast, Becoming Wise!

Bernie LIVE in Los Angeles (video) + SNL

BL; ABC7.com; Bernie Sanders; SCPR.org; SNL; Pat Macpherson, CC Liu, Wisdom Quarterly
(SNL) Hillary Clinton (Kate McKinnon) and Bernie Sanders (Larry David) reminisce about their time running against each other in the 2016 Democratic primary. More SNL on Hulu Plus.

Organizers say 10K are expected at tonight's rally at Santa Monica High School, LA (KABC).
Crowd of 10,000 expected for Sanders rally in Santa Monica
Elex Michaelson and ABC7.com staff
26547 lsquare
Will Reagan fans prefer Sanders over Clinton?
LOS ANGELES - Organizers say 10,000 people are expected at a Monday night rally at Santa Monica High School.

Earlier in the day, Sanders talked to a large crowd at a Lincoln Heights rally in East Los Angeles. Some people arrived at 6:00 am to be first in line for the rally, which began around 12:30 pm.
102014 lsquare
Who will vote for real change? (SoCal)
"If he can carry California with a big win, then we have a real contested convention, and that changes everything," said supporter Chad Donah.
 
Supporters and speakers included Hollywood actress Rosario Dawson, who introduced the Vermont senator with a few words of encouragement to get the crowd to vote.

Sanders brought energy to the crowd as he said, confidently, his campaign will not give up on California and will get the state's vote. More
      (LSN) Sanders rally in East L.A. (replay) then Santa Monica live (5-23-16).

      Kung Fu, Shaolin Temple, Meditation (video)

      Ajahn Brahm (BSWA); Discovery; Pat Macpherson, Sheldon S., CC Liu (eds.), Wisdom Quarterly
      Buddhist monks, Shaolin Monastery, Hunan Province, China (Ana Paola Pineda/flickr.com)


      The Basic Method of Meditation
      Ajahn Brahm (BSWA.org) edited by Wisdom Quarterly
      PART 1: Sustained attention on the present moment

      "The goal of this meditation is the beautiful silence, stillness, and clarity of mind."

      The Basic Method of Meditation (PDF)
      Meditation is the way to achieve letting go.

      In meditation one lets go of the complex world outside in order to reach the serene world inside. In all types of mysticism and in many traditions, this is known as the path to the pure and powerful mind. The experience of this pure mind, released from the world, is very wonderful and blissful.
       
      Often with meditation there will be some hard work at the beginning, but be willing to bear that hard work knowing that it will lead to the experience of some very beautiful and meaningful states.

      They will be well worth the effort! It is a law of nature that without effort one does not make progress. Whether one is a layperson or a monastic, without effort one gets nowhere in meditation or in anything.
       
      But effort alone is not sufficient. The effort needs to be skillful. This means directing energy just at the right places and sustaining it there until its task is completed. Skillful effort neither hinders nor disturbs us; instead, it produces the beautiful peace of deep meditation.
       
      In order to know where our effort should be directed, we must have a clear understanding of the goal of meditation. The goal of this meditation is the beautiful silence, stillness, and clarity of mind. If we can understand that goal then the place to apply our effort and the means to achieve the goal becomes very clear.
       
      The effort is directed to letting go, to developing a mind that inclines to abandoning. One of the many simple but profound statements of the Buddha is that "a meditator whose mind inclines to abandoning, easily achieves samadhi [collectedness, composure, coherence, concentration]."

      Such a meditator gains these states of inner bliss almost automatically [almost effortlessly]. What the Buddha is saying is that the major cause for attaining deep meditation and reaching these powerful states is the willingness to abandon, to let go, and to renounce [nonclinging, inner letting go].
       
      During meditation, we do not develop a mind that accumulates and holds on to things. Instead, we develop a mind that is willing to let go of things, to let go of burdens. Outside of meditation we have to carry the burden of our many duties like many heavy suitcases, but within the period of meditation baggage is unnecessary.

      So in meditation we see how much baggage we can unload. Think of these things as burdens, as heavy weights pressing on us. Then we have the right attitude for letting go of these things, abandoning them freely without looking back. This effort, this attitude, this movement of mind that inclines toward giving things up is what leads to deep meditation.

      Even during the beginning stages of this meditation, we see if we can generate the energy of renunciation, the willingness to give things away and, little by little, letting go will occur. As we give things away in mind we feel much lighter, unburdened, and free. In the way of meditation, this abandoning of things occurs in stages, step by step.
       
      We may go through these initial stages quickly if we wish, but we must be very careful if we do. Sometimes when we pass through the initial steps too quickly, we find the preparatory work has not been completed. It is like trying to build a house on a very weak and rushed foundation. The structure goes up very quickly, but it comes down very quickly as well!

      So it is wise to spend a lot of time on the foundation and the first stories as well, building the groundwork well, strong and firm. Then when we proceed to the higher storey, the blissful states of meditation are stable and firm.
        
      How I do it
      A Tribute to Venerable Ajahn Brahmavamso
      In the way I teach meditation, I like to begin at the very simple stage of giving up the baggage of past and future.

      Sometimes we may think that this is such an easy thing to do that it is too basic. However, if we give it our full effort, not running ahead to the higher stages of meditation until we have properly reached the first goal of sustained attention on the present moment, then we find later on that we have established a very strong foundation on which to build the higher stages.
       
      Abandoning the past means not even thinking about work, family, commitments, responsibilities, or history, the good or bad times we had as a child... We abandon all past experiences by showing no interest in them at all. We become someone who has no history during the time we meditate. 

      We do not think about where we are from, where we were born, who our parents were, or what our upbringing was like. All of that history is renounced in meditation. In this way, everyone here on retreat becomes equal, just meditators.
       
      It becomes unimportant how many years we have been meditating, whether we are an old hand or a beginner. If we abandon all that history then we are equal and free. We are freeing ourselves of concerns, perceptions, and thoughts that limit us and stop us from developing the peace born of letting go.

      So we finally let go of every part of our history, even the history of what has happened to us so far on this retreat, even the memory of what happened to us just a moment ago! In this way, we carry no burden from the past into the present.

      Whatever has just happened, we are no longer interested in it, so we let it go. We do not allow the past to reverberate in our mind. More

      Zen: Doing One's Utmost in Practicing the Way

      Roshi Jeff Albrizze (PasaDharma.org), The Bendowa, Dhr. Seven (ed.), Wisdom Quarterly
      "He knows not where he's going / For the ocean will decide -- / It's not the DESTINATION... / ...It's the glory of THE RIDE." (Zen Dog/edwardmonkton.com)
      .
      Weekly Zen practice in Pasadena, California is led by Jeff Albrizze.
      • American Zen: Free zazen, walking meditation in redwood courtyard, reading and discussion, Thursdays, 7:00-8:30 pm (Neighborhood Unitarian Church). This week continues a short segment of the Bendowa in translations with Q and A.
      (Antaiji Antaiji) Mui's Dharma talk on Shobogenzo Zuimonki 1:21, September 19, 2015.

      Antaiji Antaiji
      In the Zendo
      Dogen taught: Students of the Way, you must be very careful on several levels in giving up worldly sentiment. Give up the world, give up your family, and give up your body and mind. Consider this well.

      Even among those who retreat from the world and live secluded in the mountains or forests, there are some who fear that their family, which has continued for many generations, will cease to exist, and who become anxious for their family members or their relatives.

      "All men's miseries derive from not being able to sit in a quiet room alone" - Blaise Pascal. Zen Humor: the philosophical felines are at it again (joy-of-cartoon-pictures.com).
      .
      Self and Selflessness (Matthias Giesen)
      Although some people depart from home and give up family or property, they have not yet given up their bodies if they think that they should not do anything physically painful and avoid practicing anything which may cause sickness, even though they know it to be the Buddha-Way.
       
      Further, even if they carry out hard and painful practices without clinging to their bodily lives, if their minds have not yet entered the Buddha-Way and if they resolve not to act against their own will even if such actions are the Buddha-Way, they have not yet given up their minds.

      Seven Wonders of the Buddhist World (video)

      Bettany Hughes (BBC.com) via Aristotle; Crystal Quintero, Dhr. Seven, Wisdom Quarterly


      Golden Buddha, Burma (smep-muc)
      In this BBC documentary, historian Bettany Hughes travels to the seven wonders of the Buddhist world and offers a unique insight into one of the most ancient belief systems still practiced today.

      Buddhism began 2,600 years ago when one man had an amazing internal revelation underneath a pipal tree in Bihar, India. Today it is practiced by over [1 billion uncounted Chinese Buddhists in communist China and more than] 350 million people worldwide, with numbers continuing to grow year on year.


      In an attempt to gain a better understanding of the different beliefs and practices that form the core of the Buddhist philosophy and investigate how Buddhism started and where it traveled to, Hughes visits some of the most spectacular monuments built by Buddhists across the globe.
       
      Big Buddha Daibutsu, Japan (cgnss13)
      Her journey begins at the Mahabodhi Temple in India, where Prince Siddhartha gained enlightenment to become the Buddha; here Hughes examines the foundations of the teaching system -- the Three Jewels.

      At Nepal's Boudhanath Stupa, she looks deeper into the concept of the Dharma -- the teaching of Buddha, and at the Temple of the Tooth in Sri Lanka, Hughes explores karma, the universal law that our intentional acts will come to fruition and ripen in the future.

      Dear Hillary... (George Carlin COMEDY)

      George Carlin; Paul Geiger (facebook.com); Crystal Quintero, CC Liu (eds.), Wisdom Quarterly
      Hope Huma doesn't catch me ogling the ladies, but I have her beard in my pocket anyway.
      (TSN3) The Best Of George Carlin Exposing the American Government. Carlin was an American stand-up comedian, satirist, social critic who won five Grammy Awards for his comedy albums.
      (IFC) In theaters: "Weiner." Disgraced NY politician is Hillary's Muslim lesbian lover Huma Abedin's "beard." They try to set the record straight but Huma is back on the road with Hillary.
      .
      Dear Hillary Clinton, 

      Paul GeigerI'm sorry, but I just cannot vote for you in good conscience as my morals, integrity, and principled core beliefs will not allow me to.

      Obey. Take the Red or Blue pill, Rep. or Dem.
      You, Hillary, have shamefully sold out working families, the poor, the sick, and the hungry in this country in favor of corporate interests on three separate occasions.*

      You've been influenced on two occasions by lobbyists within the financial services and corporate trade industries to vote for legislation which favored them rather than the working families of this country.

      Comedian George Carlin exposes Republican hypocrisy, implicating
      Hillary Clinton who is more Republican than Trump. Anyone but Hillary!

      Say what, Paul Geiger? Curse you!
      Furthermore, you've also been influenced by lobbyists within the pharmaceutical industry into no longer supporting a Universal Healthcare system, which you had been a staunch advocate for throughout your entire political career. Now many people are setting up Go Fund Me pages to afford treatment just so they live in the absence of affordable healthcare.

      We knew you'd make the right decision.
      Anyone who has even an ounce of common sense, logic, and critical thinking skills knows that these special interest groups do not donate millions of dollars to you out of the kindness of their hearts.

      They do it fully expecting a big return on their investment. Shame on you, Hillary. Shame on you.