|Gabrieleno Indian Chief Ernest Perez Tautimez Salas, San Gabriel, Los Angeles|
|Toypurina and Nicolas Jose were LA Natives.|
|The San Gabriel Valley with foothills on the left and Caltech University in center.|
|No one knows how Toypurina looked|
In 1994, the State of California recognized the Gabrielino Tribal Council, "Gabrielino" -- without the use of the old term Tongva.
The original Gabrieleño tribe of San Gabriel -- led by Chief Ernest P. Teutimez Salas -- and the Gabrielino Tribal Council gained nonprofit 501C3 status from the State of California in 1994 (incorporator and founder Ernest P. Salas).
Chief Salas is the great-great-grandchild of Nicolas Jose, a man of great power who had an important part in the rebellion at Mission San Gabriel.
The First Los Angeles Revolt
|The San Gabriel Mission Playhouse once put on a production of Toypurina's story.|
|Warrior Toypurina, medicine woman, San Gabriel Mission (missionplayhouse.org)|
|One day our land will be white orange groves.|
On September 27, 1774, 26-year-old Nicolás José was baptized by Father Pablo Joseph de Mugartegui at the San Gabriel Mission.
Nicolas was only the third adult male Gabrielino to be baptized at the mission. There are no historical records revealing if Nicolas had exercised any religious or political authority in his home of Sibapet (Hackel 2003).
However, soon after baptism, Nicolas exercised leadership and power in many ways. He became one of the first Indians to serve as a Gabrielino marriage witness and the only Gabrielino to serve as a godparent for the child of a Baja California Indian.
|Fr. Junipero Serra knows how to rule slaves.|