|First imperial flag of Mexico (post-Aztec) had no serpent (Agustin de Iturbide, 1821).|
|Like Berkeley up north, the megalopolis of Los Angeles is a world unto itself (Horsey).|
|The two flags behind these diplomats are twins, with the eagle swapped out for the bear.|
|HAARP earthquake from use on hurricanes|
The new USA continued what the Spanish and other European powers began. Colonial Portuguese, French, British, Russian, Dutch, and other powers tried to establish and maintain empires into the "New" World.
|No, storm troopers. We will not let you make this a "police state" for bankers and shoppers!|
- (WQ) Mexicano or Nahautl (Mexico's dominant pre-Columbian language of the indigenous, First Nations, "Native Mexican" Nahua people) words often end with a -tl suffix (as in chocolatl). The invaders speaking Spanish transliterated the -tl to -te (chocolate), and it seems the Tongva-ese or "Los Angeles-ese" (the indigenous language of pre-Columbus and pre-Mexican Los Angeles) uses -gna (as in Pasade-gna, Hahamon-gna, Cucamon-gna, Quetzalcoa-tl, Topan-gna) as a distinctive suffix.
|Other Mexican flags, Mexican History Museum, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon (N. C. Sheetz)|
|Native American flag of Los Angeles|
- Hahamongna and Hahamog'na: Tongva-Gabrieleño history
- List of ranchos of California
- Ranchos of California
|Kizh/Tongva/Gabrieleno Chief Salas of a San Gabriel Valley Band of Kizh Nation|
|This is the land of the Tongva/Kizh people, the original "Los Angelenos" of SoCal (W).|
|Map of North America with California as part of Mexico/New Spain (Dobson/1789).|
Neither Spain nor Mexico ever colonized the area beyond the southern and central coastal area of present-day California, so they never exerted any effective control north of the Sonoma area, or east of the California Coast Ranges. (It remained indigenous Native American territory, with Los Angeles as the Kizh/Tongva Nation).
|Kizh Nation (gabrielenoindians.org)|
Large areas east of the Sierra Nevada and San Gabriel Mountains (in northern Los Angeles) were claimed to be part of Alta California but were never colonized. To the southeast, beyond the deserts and the Colorado River, lay the Spanish settlements in Arizona.
|First imperial flag of Mexico, Nov. 1821|
|Mexican flag with no eagle or snake, Aug. 1821|
|Native Americans of Tenochtitlan/Mexico, Aztecs, Mexica, Mayans (Field Museum)|
At its peak, it was the largest city in the Pre-Columbian Americas. It subsequently became a municipality (cabecera) of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.
|Native Tongva and Chumash inhabited California's Channel Islands like Catalina.|
|Map: route taken by Afghan- and Chinese-Buddhist missionaries to the Americas|
|The American Edward P. Vining documented the evidence of 5th century Buddhist missionary work bringing Buddhism to California and the Pre-Columbian Americas prior to Christianity's arrival and Catholic oppression (Inglorious Columbus, 1885).|
|American Rick Fields, author of How the Swans Came to the Lake, lays out the evidence of peaceful missionary-Buddhism's arrival in Ancient California and Mexico, Mesoamerica long before imperial Catholicism (shambhala.com).|
|The Smithsonian seized and has evidence of ancient Buddhist statues in the Grand Canyon.|