Katina, LA Buddhist Vihara, Pasadena, CA, Oct. 18, 2009 (WQ).
Buddhist Community Celebrates Special Ceremony Nation.ittefaq.com
Pavarana Purnima is a Buddhist holiday celebrated on the full moon of the eleventh lunar month. It marks the conclusion of Barsha Brata (Vassa or "Rains Retreat"), sometimes referred to by the West as "Buddhist Lent."
This day marks the end of the rainy season in Asian countries such as Bangladesh, where Theravada Buddhism has been practiced since the time of the Buddha. In India, where Buddhism began, there is a three-month rainy season. The Vinaya (Mahavagga, 4th Khandhaka, Section I) tells the origination story. Once during the rainy season, a group of wandering monks sought shelter by remaining in residence. In order to minimize the potential for interpersonal strife, they agreed to remain silent for the entire three months and settled on nonverbal cues for sharing alms.
After the rains, when the Buddha learned of their silence, he called the measure misguided. Instead, he instituted a means for dealing with potential conflict and breaches of the major monastic disciplinary rules (Patimokkha) during the rains:
The Rains Retreat is a time of intensive meditation and reflection. Even laypersons wishing to practice alongside monastics undertake Eight Precepts. As is customary throughout the year, lay people continue to observe Uposatha days in support of their meditation practice and to re-energize their commitment to the Dharma. Physical labor (construction projects, repairs, etc.) in monasteries is curtailed.
Whenever possible, lay people use these days as an opportunity to visit their local monastery in order to make special offerings to the Sangha (ordained disciples). The Rains culminate in the Katina robe offering ceremony, which is held on any convenient date within one month of the conclusion of the retreat. It is also the time of year when new robes and other requisites are offered to the Sangha for the year. Source (Adnan/DrikNEWS)
End of the World