|The sin qua non, not without which, for life would not exist on Gaia without Luna|
|Luna (Chandra, Freyja, Demeter), the Moon goddess (devi, a "shining one")|
|Satellite image showing monument within larger landscape. Modern road passes near it with several modern towns located nearby (Landsat/DigitalGlobe/Ido Wachtel/livescience.com).|
|Freyja, Scythian devi (esotericonline.net)|
Located about 8 miles (13 km) northwest of the Sea of Galilee, the structure is massive.
Its volume is almost 500,000 cubic feet (about 14,000 cubic meters), and its length is about 492 feet (150 meters), making it longer than an American football field.
Pottery excavated at the structure indicates the monument dates to between 3050 B.C. and 2650 B.C., meaning it is likely older than [some of] the pyramids of Egypt. It was also built before much of Stonehenge was [previously thought to have been] constructed.
Archaeologists previously thought the structure was part of a city wall, but recent work carried out by Ido Wachtel, a doctoral student at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, indicates there is no city beside it and that the structure is a standing monument.
"The proposed interpretation for the site is that it constituted a prominent landmark in its natural landscape, serving to mark possession and to assert authority and rights over natural resources by a local rural or pastoral population," Wachtel wrote in the summary of a presentation given recently at the International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East. More
"Moon god" monument unearthed in Israel
DigitalGlobe/Google Earth) (
|Crescent Moon on Buddhist observance (wiki)|
It was initially discovered in the early part of the 20th century, and was thought to form part of an ancient city's defensive walls.
“The proposed interpretation for the site is that it constituted a prominent landmark in its natural landscape, serving to mark possession and to assert authority and rights over natural resources by a local rural or pastoral population,” Mr. Wachtel wrote in a paper submitted to an archaeology conference in Switzerland.
The Ruins of the Castle
|Khirbet Kerak or Tel Bet Yerah (Hanay/wiki)|
The tell spans an area of over 50 acres -- one of the largest in the Levant -- and contains remains dating from the Early Bronze Age (c. 3000 BC-2000 BC) and from the Persian period (c. 450 BC) through to the early Islamic period (c. 1000 AD) [Ibid.; The Holy Land: An Archaeological Guide from Earliest Times to 1700, Jerome Murphy O'Connor, Oxford University Press, 1980, p.159 Milgrom, Jacob; Wright, David Pearson; Freedman, David Noel; Hurvitz, Avi (1995)].
A form of Early Bronze Age pottery first discovered at the tell but also seen in other parts of the Levant (including Jericho, Beth Shan, Tell Judeideh, and Ugarit) is known as "Khirbet Kerak ware" [Pomegranates and golden bells: studies in biblical, Jewish, and Near Eastern ritual, law, and literature in honor of Jacob Milgrom (Illustrated ed.). Eisenbrauns. pp. 630-632].
Khirbet Kerak culture appears to have been a Levantine version of the Early Transcaucasian Culture [Ian Shaw, Robert Jameson (2002). Ian Shaw, Robert Jameson, ed. A Dictionary of Archaeology (6th, illustrated, reprint ed.). Wiley-Blackwell].
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