बुद्धिस्म स्पेअक्स तो अ ले दिस्सिप्ले.
In the legendary biographies of some Buddhist adepts from the 2nd- and 9th-centuries there are some clues which can be interpreted to reveal that the adepts were consuming psychedelic Amanita muscaria, "fly agaric," mushrooms to achieve enlightenment. This secret ingredient in the alchemical elixir they used to attain "realization" was, of course, unnamed, in keeping with their vows to maintain the secrecy of their practices. Its identity was concealed behind a set of symbols, some of which appeared in the Soma symbol system of the Rig Veda, some other symbols possibly passed down from a time of earlier shamanic use of the mushroom in the forests of Northern Eurasia, and some symbols that may be unique to these Buddhist legends. The congruity of these sets of symbols from Northern and Southern Asian traditions will be shown to be reflected in the Germanic tradition in some characteristics of the Oldest God, Odin.
Journal of EthnopharmacologyVolume 48, Issue 2, October 1995, Pages 99-118
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American Psychologist, Volume 18, Issue 3, March 1963, Pages 154-159
"Psychology is the study of behavior. Mycology is the study of fungi" including mushrooms, which are currently of great interest in psychotomimetic research. There are 3 main types of bibliographical source material: (a) extensive mycology literature proper, (b) growing research literature related to possible chemotherapeutic uses of fungi, and (c) literature "which is just plain literature." Examples of each category are cited. "Our hypothesis is that there are no neutral or emotionally dispassionate feelings about the mushroom. Individuals appear to group themselves into mycophiles, mycophobes, and mycoambivalents. The mushroom is seen variously as a symbol of death or ecstasy, but rarely as a natural organism untinged with affective power."
Copyright © 1995 Published by Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.