|Happy Halloween and the Day of the Dead (Nov. 1). It's time to play with all that scares us!|
|Praying a departed person out of purgatory (naraka) or Osurasma (J.M.W. Silver/Obon).|
|"The Realm of Hungry Ghosts" (Peta Loka), one of the 31 Planes of Existence.|
|Japanese Buddhist "ghosts" (pretas and kami), phantasms, shapeshifting monsters from One Hundred Ghost Stories by Hokusai, 1831, a kind of Japanese Shinto Petavatthu text.|
SUTRA: On Offerings to the Dead
|Death (Mara) looks on (lilminx16/deviantart)|
"Master Gautama (Pali, Gotama), as you know we Brahmins give gifts, make offerings [saying], 'May this gift accrue to our dead relatives. May our dead relatives partake of this gift.' Now, Master Gautama, does that gift get to our dead relatives? Do our dead relatives partake of that gift?"
|Dia de los Muertos Family Festival, Long Beach, CA (Museum of Latin American Art)|
|Marananussati is good for the living.|
"And where, Master Gautama, are the 'possible' places, where the 'impossible' places?"
"Brahmin, there may be the case where a certain person [ignores the Five Precepts and engages in one or more of the Ten Courses of Unskillful Action and thereby makes bad karma on the Wrong Path]:
- One takes life
- takes what is not given
- engages in sexual misconduct
- engages in false speech
- engages in divisive speech
- engages in abusive speech
- engages in useless chatter
- is covetous
- bears ill will and/or
- holds wrong views.
|Tibetan Book of the Dead (Bardo Thodol)|
"Then there is another case where a certain person takes life, takes what is not given, engages in sexual misconduct, engages in false speech, engages in divisive speech, engages in abusive speech, engages in useless chatter, is covetous, bears ill will, and holds wrong views.
"With the breakup of the body, after death, one reappears on the plane of animals. One lives there, one remains there by means of whatever is the food of common animals. This, too, is an impossible place for that gift to accrue to one there.
|What are those "things" that lurk in the dark -- ghosts, ETs, transforming-monsters...|
- One refrains from taking life
- refrains from taking what is not given
- refrains from sexual misconduct
- refrains from false speech
- refrains from divisive speech
- refrains from abusive speech
- refrains from useless chatter
- is not covetous
- bears no ill will and/or
- holds right views.
|Smile. I'll see you soon enough.|
"Then there is another case where a certain person refrains from [the Ten Courses of Unskillful Action]. With the breakup of the body, after death, one reappears in the company of devas ("shining ones," angels, fairies, advanced beings dwelling in space). One lives there, one remains there by means of whatever is the food of devas. This, too, is an impossible place for that gift to accrue to one there.
|The worst place one will ever go to "sleep" -- death penalty advocates' torture pen (AP).|
|In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts (Dr. Mate)|
- What are "hungry ghosts" (petas, pretas)?
- Buddhist Ghost Stories (Petavatthu)
- Some Ghost Stories (Access to Insight)
|Give. The dead will be so grateful!|
"But, Master Gautama, if that dead relative does not reappear in that possible place, and other dead relatives have not reappeared in that possible place, then who partakes of that gift?"
"It is impossible, Brahmin, it cannot be that over this long time that possible place is devoid of one's dead relatives.* But at any rate, the donor is sure to gain a reward.
- *The Monastic Disciplinary Code (Vinaya) counts as one's "relatives" all those related back through seven generations past one's grandparents -- in other words, all of those descended from one's great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandparents.
|Future ghost: youth, trauma, unexpected departure all make rebirth in ghost realm more likely. Death just before the Day of the Dead: Man, 20, drives recklessly on Los Angeles freeway, rolls car, is ejected and thrown onto freeway sign 25 feet up; hangs there for four hours through morning traffic with bloody sheet (VIDEO: Fox2Now.com, St. Louis).|
|Latin American Buddhists of L.A.|
|Tibetan Book of the Dead (Bardo Thodol)|
"It is because that person took life, took what is not given, engaged in sexual misconduct, engaged in false speech, engaged in divisive speech, engaged in abusive speech, engaged in useless chatter, was covetous, bore ill will, and/or held wrong views that one reappears in the company of elephants. But it is because one gave food, drink, cloth, vehicles, garlands, scents, creams, bed, lodging, and lamps to ascetics and Brahmins that one receives food, drink, flowers, and various ornaments.
"In another case a certain person takes life (kills)...holds wrong views (is deluded). But one gives...to ascetics and Brahmins. With the breakup of the body, after death, one reappears in the company of horses...in the company of cattle...in the company of poultry. There one receives food, drink, flowers, and various ornaments.*
- Apparently, "ornaments" for poultry would consist of brilliant plumage. Similarly, "ornaments" for elephants, horses, and cattle might consist of attractive markings.
|Pagan Mabon celebration (danadeilers.com)|
"With the breakup of the body, after death, one reappears in the company of human beings. There one experiences the five strands of human sensuality [experiences delightful sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and tactile sensations].
"It is because one refrained from taking what is not given, refrained from sexual misconduct, refrained from false speech, refrained from divisive speech, refrained from abusive speech, refrained from useless chatter, was not covetous, bore no ill will, and held right views that one reappears in the company of human beings. And it is because one gave food, drink, cloth, vehicles, garlands, scents, creams, bed, lodging, and lamps to ascetics and Brahmins that one experiences the five strands of human sensuality.*
- For some unknown reason, the older PTS translation of this sutra cuts off here.
|Sometimes living is like being dead already.|
"It is because one refrained from taking what is not given...and held right views that one reappears in the company of devas. And it is because one gave...to ascetics and Brahmins that one experiences the five strands of divine sensuality. But at any rate, Brahmin, the donor is assured of a reward."
|The Buddha, Chinese depiction.|
"That is how it is, Brahmin, that is how it is. The donor does not go without reward."
"Magnificent, Master Gautama, magnificent! It is just as if one were to place upright what had been overturned, to reveal what was hidden, to show the way to one who was lost, or to carry a lamp into the dark so that those with eyes could see what was there to see!
"In the same way has Master Gautama -- through many lines of reasoning -- made the Dharma clear. I go to Master Gautama for guidance, to the Dharma, and to the Sangha (Monastic Community). May Master Gautama remember me as a lay follower who has gone to him for guidance from this day forward for life."
|Mara Devaputra as a female|
- For more see also MN 135, MN 136, SN 42.6, SN 42.8, Khp 7
- Who is Mara, the Buddhist personification of Death?
- University offers to tell students if their Halloween costumes are offensive
- Taylor Swift groping lawsuit against Denver DJ Taylor Swift filed a counterclaim against a former Denver radio host who sued her after he said he lost his job because of false accusations that he inappropriately touched her during a photo session.
- AUDIO: Best and Worst Halloween Costumes 2015 Do you want to go as Donald Trump or El Chapo? Tadolf Swiftler (Hitler-Swift), the Dentist who killed that Lion, or why not the Water on Mars? In this fun discussion SoCal Public Radio explores this year's popular costume options.
- AUDIO: Is the Day of the Dead too Americanized?