The word Anunnaki is a derivative of the names anu “earth.” However, it also translates as “Princely Offspring” or “Those of Royal Blood” or “Those Who Came from Above.”
Sumerian legends and ancient texts use the name Annunaki to refer to a group of “gods” who came from the celestial or “heavenly” sphere.
They were considered the main gods of the Sumerian pantheon. The Sumerians worshipped them long before the ancient Greece and ancient Egyptian pantheons.
The Anunnaki descended from An, the supreme being who reigned over all Sumerian gods.
Babylonian creation myths say there were 300 Anunnaki who kept the heavens and 300 others who guarded the underworld.
These deities were so important that they are also mentioned in the Epic of Gilgamesh.
The development of Sumerian civilization occurred in the Persian Gulf while gaining strength over time.
The “Plain of the Land of Shinar” is the territory that was renamed “Babylon” after 2000 B.C.
These people lived in the Middle East on territory we know as Iran and Iraq (the former Persian Empire) today.