The senses are the source of so much suffering by means of the defilements, which they awaken in the hearts of people.
In the round of birth and death, the continued wandering on (samsara), so long as there is attachment to the senses as “mine” or “myself,” so long continues oppressiveness and suffering. So it is craving, desire, and greed connected with the senses that is the true immediate cause for the arising of suffering.
In whatever life the craving and greed connected with the senses finally cease, the suffering and oppression finally cease as well. The senses do not arise again after the death of the person who has extinguished craving.
It is right-view knowledge that gives one understanding of the cessation of craving.
When, as a result of practicing Dharma in general and developing the mind in meditation in particular, the true nature of the senses is seen and understood, craving connected with them ceases [of its own accord] in this very life. It does not arise again, so sense oppression likewise does not arise.
It is right-view knowledge that gives one understanding of the true path leading to the cessation of craving. Among all the parts of the Noble Eightfold Path, this right view of the Four Noble Truths is most essential.
This concludes the brief exposition of right view of the Four Truths.
II. Right Thought
This is explained under three headings:
- Thoughts of renunciation (i.e., generosity).
- Thoughts of non-harming (i.e., loving kindness).
- Thoughts of non-violence (i.e., compassion).... More