|Dharma Buddhist Meditation, Los Angeles: Hearth Sutra EXPLAINED! 1/16/20.|
It is not actually a sutra nor does it literally call itself one. But, as with many Mahayana texts, it imitates or is written in the form of a Brahminical-Hindu discourse, purportedly between Kwan Yin (Goddess of Compassion, here still in the earlier form of Lord Avalokiteshvara, a Brahminical deity who looks down and therefore hears the cries of the world) and Ven. Sariputra (the arhat male disciple declared "foremost in wisdom" by the historical Buddha).
Its Sanskrit name is Prajnaparamita Hridaya or "The Heart of Perfect Wisdom," a reference to the paramita or "perfection" it is bringing to perfection. The perfection of wisdom is the understanding of the uniquely Buddhist teaching of the "empty" or impersonal nature of all phenomena, particularly the "Five Aggregates or 'Heaps' Clung to as Self" (pancha-upadanakkhanda). The word "sutra" is not present in any known Sanskrit manuscripts.
|Avalokita transmogrified = Kwan Yin|
Who was Sariputra? (Born Upatisya/Upatissa, Sanskrit Shari-putra or Pali Sari-putta, his common nickname means "Sari's son")? Sariputra was one of the chief disciples of the historical Buddha, of which there were four, two nuns and two monks. He was often praised and co-taught with the Buddha, and he was declared "foremost in wisdom."
Emptiness or Suchness?
Hinduism: Drop (atman) merges with Brahman
|Brahminical deity Avalokiteshvara = Kwan Yin|
The closing is svaha or "All hail!" which actually means something more like "So it is!" or "Behold!" or "Well said!" or "Hallelujah!" or "So be it! [in the consummation of a spell]" or "Word!" [in the modern colloquial usage of the American urban vernacular].
- [Prepared by Dr. Michael E. Moriarty, Communication Arts Dept., Valley City State University, Valley City, North Dakota]
|Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva, Lanka|
|Perfection of Wisdom as a goddess, East Java (wiki)|
Conze had access to 12 Nepalese manuscripts (mss.), seven mss. and inscriptions from China, two mss. from Japan, as well as several translations from the Chinese canon and one from the Tibetan.
There is a great deal of variation across the manuscripts in the title, the mangala verses, and within the text itself. Many of the manuscripts are corrupt or simply carelessly copied." [WP, "Heart Sutra"].
The Heart [of Perfect Wisdom] Sutra translated from Sanskrit by Edward Conze
Iha Sariputra rupam sunyata sunyataiva rupam, rupan na prithak sunyata sunyataya na prithag rupam, yad rupam sa sunyata ya sunyata tad rupam; evam eva vedana-samjna-samskara-vijnanam.
Iha Sariputra sarva-dharmah sunyata-laksana, anutpanna aniruddha, amala aviamala, anuna aparipurnah.
Tasmac Chariputra sunyatayam na rupam na vedana na samjna na samskarah na vijnanam. Na caksuh-srotra-ghranajihva-kaya-manamsi. Na rupa-sabda-gandha-rasa-sprastavaya-dharmah. Na caksur-dhatur yavan na manovjnana-dhatuh. Na-avidya na-avidya-ksayo yavan na jara-maranam na jara-marana-ksayo. Na duhkha-samudaya-nirodha-marga. Na jnanam, na praptir na-apraptih.
Tasmac Chariputra apraptitvad bodhisattvasya prajnaparamitam asritya viharaty acittavaranah. Cittavarana-nastitvad atrastro viparyasa-atikranto nishtha-nirvana-praptah.
The Heart (of Wisdom) Sutra
|Vulture's Peak, Rajgir, India, setting for Heart Sutra (Wonderlane/flickr.com)|
O what an awakening, so it is!
- Blofeld, John. 1959. The Zen Teaching of Huang Po: On the Transmission of Mind. Being the Teaching of the Zen Master Huang Po as Recorded by the Scholar P'ei Hsi of the T'ang Dynasty. Evergreen ed. New York: Grove Press.
- Bokar Rinpoche and Kenpo Donyo. 1994. Profound Wisdom of The Heart Sutra and Other Teachings. English translation by Christiane Buchet of the French translation Profondeur de la Sagesse. San Francisco, CA: ClearPoint Press.
- Conze, Edward. 1959. Buddhist Scriptures. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
- Gombrich, Richard F. 2009. What the Buddha Thought. London: Equinox.
- Heng-ching Shih, tr. with Dan Lusthaus. 2001. A Comprehensive Commentary on the Heart Sutra (Prajnaparamita-Hrdaya-Sutra). (Taisho Volume 33, Number 1710). Berkeley, CA: Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research.
- Lopez Jr., Donald S. 1988. The Heart Sutra Explained: Indian and Tibetan Commentaries. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
- Nishijima, Gudo Wafo and Cross, Chodo, trs. 1996. Master Dogen's Shobogenzo. Book 2. Windbell Publications. London.
- Osborne, Arthur ed. 1971. The Teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana Maharsi in His Own Words. New ed. London: Rider.
- Pine, Red. 2004. The Heart Sutra: The Womb of Buddhas. Berkeley, CA: Counterpoint Press.
- Waddell, Norman, tr. 2013. Zen Words for the Heart: Hakuin's Commentary on The Heart Sutra. Boston and London: Shambhala.
AN - Anguttara Nikaya (Numerical Discourses Collection)