|The tomb of the great Sufi poet Rumi in Turkey, the land that bridges East and West|
|Sufism is the mystical school of Islam heavily influenced by Buddhism and Brahmanism. Here the famous spiritual poet Rumi is seen depicted, not accidentally, in a Buddha-like posture (art-arena.com). In Buddhism a shaman in "trance" (shramana in blissful absorption called jhana, dhyana) is an ecstatic "dervish" in Sufism.|
Just as the key to Buddhist enlightenment (bodhi) is comprehending and penetrating with insight the truth of egolessness (anatta) so, too, in Sufism.
It is the illusion of "self," the "ego," "pride" that must be realized. In Buddhism the "self" (atta, atman) is the "soul," and this leads to a great deal of confusion about what no-self or no-soul means.
Conventionally, there is a self and soul in Buddhism, no matter what anyone says, but this "self" is not ultimately real, not eternal, not even existing for two consecutive moments. So in an ultimate sense, there is no self, no ego, no soul. How? See below.
Early Sufi "saints" were Buddhists
Ranajit Pal, Ph.D. (ranajitpal.com)
|The most famous Sufi writer of all, Rumi|
|Lands of the Indus Valley Civilization|
[How many is open to question, for while the Theravada school regularly interprets kalpa to mean an "aeon," an incomprehensible period of geological time, it also has another meaning in Pali: a normal lifespan (kappa) for the age, which at the time of the Buddha was a period of 120 years. This means that the historical Buddha was the only teacher to awaken to the utmost in millions of years, whereas Jain and other teachers spoke of being one in a series of ford finders or conquerors (tirthankaras or jinas) helping others cross over to the liberated state as defined in each dharma, the goal of Buddhism being unique but all glossed as the same, i.e., rebirth in some permanent heavenly state.]
This implies that Buddhism was as old as Zoroastrianism [and the Vedas, etc.]. Early Buddhism was closely linked to Brahmanism (there being no such thing as "Hinduism" yet), Zoroastrianism [Zoroaster/Zarathustra possibly having been a titan, who opposed the devas esteemed in Buddhist texts and the Vedas], and Judaism that originated in Afghanistan-Baluchistan-Gandhara. More
- Jalaluddin Rumi and The Lost Paradise
- Sanchi and Ajanta: windows to the Garden of Eden
- Lost History of Buddhism Bangla[desh]
- Antecedents of "Hinduism"-Buddhism in Indus-Saraswati-Seistan
- Gautama and Zoroaster in a Non-Jonesian Frame
- The Isigili Sutra
|Forest ascetic Ibrahim bin Adham with devas (IMP)|
The story of his conversion is one of the most celebrated in Sufi legend -- a prince renouncing his throne and choosing asceticism closely echoing the legend of Gautama Buddha .
- 1. Richard Nelson Frye, The Cambridge History of Iran: The period from the Arab invasion to the Saljuqs (CUP, 1975, p. 450)
- 2. Muslim Saints and Mystics, Attar (trans.) A.J. Arberry intro. on Ebrahim ibn Adham; Encyclopedia of Islam, Ibrahim ibn Adham
As recounted by Abu Nu'aym, Ibrahim emphasized the importance of stillness [calm derived from "serenity" meditation or Buddhist samatha?] and meditation [wisdom derived from "insight" meditation or Buddhist vipassana?] for asceticism.
Rumi extensively described the legend of Ibrahim in his Masnavi. The most famous of Ibrahim's students is Shaqiq al-Balkhi (died 810). More
- Jalal al-Din Rumi (Academy of American Poets) They settled in present-day Turkey, where Rumi lived and wrote most of his life... The letters are described as having lines of poetry scattered throughout... Eventually, Rumi made peace with his loss, returning to his home believing Shams...
- Poet: Mewlana Jalaluddin Rumi (PoemHunter.com) Mewlana Jalaluddin Rumi (1207-1273, Persia)
- The biography of Mewlana Jalaluddin Rumi
|The Sufi Path of Annihilation (Inner Traditions)|
We can only approach our truest nature [Three Marks or Characteristics of Existence: anicca, dukkha, anatta, the truth that all things that exist are impermanent, incapable of fulfilling us, and impersonal] and meaning through annihilation of even those institutions that intend to guide us. [Compare with the Buddha's message in the Kalama Sutra].
|Shams al-Ma'arif (Danieliness/wiki)|
Wisdom Quarterly (ANALYSIS)
|Hinduism: We are drops merging|
To untangle this impossible situation is easy: There are two kinds of language, conventional and ultimate. Conventionally, there if of course a self; it is self evident! We can identify with and designate anything as "self," but if we examine it, we are almost always talking about one or more of these five things: our bodies, sensations, perceptions, mental formations (like our volitions), and consciousnesses (associated with these five senses with the mind as sixth).
However, ultimately, no such self is there; it falls away when analyzed (broken down and penetrated with insight). A materialist is one who believes only in matter, which includes most modern, "reasonable," scientific types. We know there's more, but we will admit no such knowledge because we think Science says that there's nothing more. (To believe this we have to ignore all of the science that says it does. See what David Wilcock, formerly Edgar Cayce, has uncovered in this regard at divinecosmos.com).
- BOOK: The Joyous Cosmology
- Yogananda and the Gangsters
- Nada Brahma (The Sound of God)
- Practical Spirituality
- The Threefold Higher Knowledge
- Buddhist particles of ultimate matter
- Buddhist Classification of Phenomena (dhammas)
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