|Three noble ones pay homage to an image of the Noble One (Sasin Tipchai/Bugphai/flickr)|
|Arch with an ancient Buddha image in Theravada Buddhist Phowintaung, Burma|
|Sariputra, foremost in wisdom (SashWeer/flickr)|
|A permanent and radical change of heart|
- (1) personality-belief (sakkāya-ditthi),
- (2) skeptical doubt about the path (vicikicchā),
- (3) belief that mere rules or rituals could ever lead one to enlightenment (sīlabbata-parāmāsa; see upādāna).
- (6) craving for fine-material existence (rūpa-rāga),
- (7) craving for immaterial existence (arūpa-rāga),
- (8) conceit (māna),
- (9) restlessness (uddhacca),
- (10) ignorance (avijjā).
|Tibetan Vajrayana stained glass rainbow emanation (Samye Ling Centre and Monastery)|
(I) "After the disappearance of the three fetters, the meditator has won the stream (that leads inevitably to nirvana) and is no longer subject to rebirth in lower worlds (subhuman planes of existence), is firmly established, destined for full enlightenment.
(II) "After the disappearance of the first three fetters and [a marked] reduction of greed, hatred, and delusion, one will return [at most] only once more [to this world]. And having once more returned to this world, one will put an end to suffering.
(III) "After the disappearance of the first five fetters one appears in a higher world [in superhuman planes of existence, i.e., the Pure Abodes], and there one reaches nirvana without ever returning from that world (to the Sensual Sphere).
(IV) "Through the extinction of all taints or cankers (āsava-kkhaya) one reaches in this very life that deliverance of mind, that deliverance through wisdom, which is freed of the cankers, and which one has directly understood and realized."
(1) the confidence (conviction, faith)-devotee (saddhānusārī),
(2) the confidence-liberated one (saddhāvimutta),
(3) the body-witness (kāya-sakkhī),
(4) the both-ways-liberated one (ubhato-bhāga-vimutta),
(5) the Dharma-devotee (dhammānusārī),
(6) the vision-attainer (ditthippatta),
(7) the wisdom-liberated one (paññā-vimutta).
This group of seven noble disciples is explained in the Path of Purification (Vis.M. XXI, 73):
(1) "One who is filled with resolution (adhimokkha) and, by [systematically] considering the formations as impermanent (anicca), gains the faculty of confidence, who at the moment of the path to stream-winning (A.1) is called a confidence-devotee (saddhānusārī);
(2) One is called a confidence-liberated one (saddhā-vimutta) at the seven higher stages (A. 2-8).
(3) One who is filled with tranquility and, by considering the formations as disappointing (dukkha), gains the faculty of concentration, who in every respect is considered a body-witness (kāya-sakkhī).
(4) One, however, who after reaching the absorptions of the immaterial sphere (Jhanas 5-8) has attained the highest fruition (of full enlightenment), who is a both-ways-liberated one (ubhato-bhāga-vimutta).
(5) One who is filled with wisdom and, by considering the formations as not-self (anattā), gains the faculty of wisdom, who is at the moment of stream-winning a Dharma-devotee (dhammānusārī).
(6) One who at the later stages (A. 2-7) is a vision-attainer (ditthippatta).
(7) One who is a wisdom-liberated one (paññāvimutta) at the highest stage (A. 8)."