(Journeyman) Marathon Monks of Mt. Hiei, Japan. Saying they'll resort to suicide if they fail to complete the journey, and often dying en route, these extremist monks undertake an [extra-canonical] perilous quest for enlightenment.
|Buddhist monastic, wandering ascetic, recluse, hermit, Yarchen Car (Exposureddd/flickr)|
|Taming the mind like a wild elephant|
- EDITORIAL NOTE: These practices are usually only undertaken with the guidance and direction of a meditation master. Otherwise one faces the very real danger of aggravating one's "personality type" (greed/faith, hate/wisdom, delusion/speculation) or predominant disposition rather than balancing/eliminating it.
- wearing only patched-up robes: pamsukūlik'anga
- wearing only three robes: tecīvarik'anga
- going on almsround: pindapātik'anga
- not omitting any house while going for alms: sapadānikanga
- eating at one sitting: ekāsanik'anga
- eating only from the alms-bowl: pattapindik'anga
- refusing all further food: khalu-pacchā-bhattik'anga
- living in the forest: āraññik'anga
- living under a tree: rukkha-mūlik'anga
- living in the open air: abbhokāsik'anga
- living in a charnal ground: susānik'anga
- being satisfied with whatever dwelling: yathā-santhatik'anga
- sleeping in the sitting position (and never lying down): nesajjik'anga.
- On dhutanga practice in modern Thailand, see With Robes and Bowl by Bhikkhu Khantipalo (Wheel 82/83).