|If you want "inner peace," Ivanka, then...|
|The Buddha was very beautiful Central Asian.|
Māgandiya saw him and, noting the auspicious marks on his body, told him of his alluring daughter and begged him to wait until she could be brought.
|Look at me, so beautiful! - No thanks.|
Māgandiya's wife, who was skilled in such matters, said that the owner of such a footprint was free from all passion (i.e., enlightened and liberated).
But Māgandiya paid no attention and, going on a little way, found the Buddha and offered him his daughter. The Buddha thereupon told them of his past life, his renunciation (letting go) of the world, his conquest of Māra the Tempter, and the unsuccessful attempts of Māra's three very beautiful daughters to lure him back to worldly cares.
Compared to them Māgandiya was, he said, a corpse filled with 32 impurities, an impure (asubha) vessel painted without that he would not even want to touch with his foot. At the end of the discourse, Māgandiya and his wife become enlightened to the third stage or anāgāmins (DhA.iii.193ff.; SNA.ii.542f.)
Compare this sutra to Dvy.515ff., where the name is given as Mākandika and he is called a parivrājaka. The daughter's name is given as Anūpamā, and the wife is Sākalī.
It is said that as a result they put their daughter into the charge of her uncle, Culla ["Minor"] Māgandiya, retired from the world, and became fully enlightened arhats (DhA.i.202).
- According to the Anguttara Commentary (AA.i.235f), Māgandiya's village was Kammāsadamma, and the Buddha went there on his journey to Kosambī at the invitation of Ghosita, Kukkuta, and Pāvārika. He turned off the main road to visit Māgandiya. See also Māgandiya (2), Māgandiya Sutta, and Māgandiyapañha.
|Hey, you! Want my daughter? I have three.|
So what would I want with this woman [your daughter], who is full of urine and excrement, both of which I would avoid touching even with my foot if I came across them on a road as I was walking.
|Look at my beautiful daughters, Prince!|
[The Buddha:] The thought "I argue for this" does not occur to one when considering what is clung to among doctrines (dharmas). Looking to let go of views I saw and found inner peace.
|I don't mind giving Daddy whatever he needs.|
[The Buddha:] One does not speak of purity in connection with view, learning, knowledge, precept, or practice. Nor is it found by a person through lack of view, learning, knowledge, precept, or practice.
- [NOTE 1: The Pali language version of the first sentence puts the words for "view, learning, knowledge, precept, and practice" in the instrumental case, which stands for the relationship "by means of" or "because of." But it also has an idiomatic meaning, "in terms of." (To keep the translation neutral on this point, I have translated it using the idiom, "in connection with," which can carry both possibilities.) The second sentence puts the words for lack of view and so on in the ablative case, which carries the meaning "because of" or "from." If we assume that the instrumental case in the first sentence is meant in the sense of "by means of," then we are dealing -- as Magandiya asserts -- with plain nonsense: The first sentence would say that a person cannot achieve purity by means of views and so on, while the second sentence would be saying that one cannot achieve purity by means of no view and so on. The fact that the two sentences place the relevant terms in different grammatical cases, however, suggests that they are talking about two different kinds of relationships. If we take the instrumental in the first sentence in the sense of "in terms of," then the stanza not only makes sense but also fits in with teachings of the rest of the Pali language sutras: A person cannot be said to be "pure" simply because one holds to a particular view, body of learning, and so on. Purity is not defined in those terms. The second sentence goes on to say that a person does not arrive at purity from a lack of view and so on. Putting the two sentences together with the third, the message is this: One uses right views, learning, knowledge, precepts, and practices as a PATH, a means of arriving at purity. Once one arrives one lets go of the path (does not cling to what was so helpful), for the purity of inner peace, in its ultimate sense, is something transcending the means by which it was reached. In the stanza immediately following this one, it is obvious that Magandiya has not caught on to this distinction. For further illustrations of the role of Right View in taking one beyond all views, see AN 10.93, AN 10.96, and MN 24. (The analogy of the relay stage coaches in MN 24 actually seems more tailored to the issues raised by the Buddha's remarks in this discourse than it does to the question it addresses in that sutra). Ven. Thanissaro also references sections III/H and III/H/i of his book on the 37 Requisites of Enlightenment, The Wings to Awakening.]
[Magandiya:] If one does not speak of purity in connection with view, learning, knowledge, precept, or practice and yet it is not found by a person through lack of view, learning, knowledge, precept, or practice, it seems to me that this teaching is confused, for some assume a purity in terms of -- by means of -- a view.
[The Buddha:] Asking questions dependent on views, you are confused by what you have grasped [and clung to]. So you do not glimpse even the slightest notion [of what I am saying]. That is why you think it is confused.
Whoever reckons [construes, thinks in terms of] "equal," "superior," or "inferior," by that such a person would dispute, whereas to one unaffected by these three, "equal" and "superior," do not occur.
Of what would the Brahmin say "true" or "false," disputing with whom: he in whom "equal," "unequal" are not.
Having abandoned the home-bound life, living free from society, the sage in villages creates no clinging relationships. Free of sensual passions, free from yearning, one would not engage with people in quarrelsome debates.
- [2: For explanation of this stanza, attributed to Ven. Maha Kaccana, see SN 22.3.]
- [3: "Measured...made proud" are two meanings of the Pali word manameti.]
- [4: "Action" here can mean either karma in its general sense. That is to say, the attainer-of-wisdom has gone beyond creating karma [because fully enlightened beings no longer make karma that bears a karmic result; instead their actions are called kriya ("simple actions") no longer ripening in the future, all of which they are liberated from]. Or in a more restricted sense, it is "ritual action." According to Nd.I, it refers to the factor of "formation" or "fabrication" (sankhara) in the analysis of Dependent Origination. (See SN 12.2).]
|Blood moon blue moon 2018|
- The fix is in: In American football there has been a massive upset, and gamblers are doomed: The Philadelphia Eagles somehow defeated the New England Patriots in Super Bowl LII
- Archaeologists announce the discovery using LiDAR of approximately 60,000 Mayan structures in the Maya Biosphere Reserve, Guatemala, next to Mexico (ancient Mesoamerica)
- A total lunar eclipse occurs, close to perigee and also the "blue moon" (second full moon in a month), a coincidence of events not seen for 35 years
- A new genus of lithostrotian sauropod, Mansourasaurus, is discovered in Egypt