|The first human representations of the Buddha in Gandhara (Buddhaskulptur.de)|
|Birth of the Buddha-to-be (the Bodhisattva) Prince Siddhartha, Peshawar, Gandhara.|
|Devas, Buddha, Maya Devi, maid, Lumbini|
"Don't confuse Shakyans with Shakas. Shakyans were a very ancient kshatriya [warrior-caste] community of India (around 6th century BC) who lived in Tarai region of Nepal while Scythians came in a very later phase and got settled in Western India."
On the other hand, to the west -- as far as modern Iran down to Seistan Baluchistan province, where the modern Muslim countries of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iran converge -- there is a concealed history of Buddhism.
|Afghan and Chinese Buddhist in America?|
Afghan Buddhist missionaries even made it to America, an astounding fact people cannot get their heads around. (See Edward P. Vining's An Inglorious Columbus from 1885). But this is how it was.
|Gandhara texts (gardendigest.com)|
|Buddha from Central Asia|
He was a foreigner, a prince, likely a Scythian (a word Greeks and others used to describe the nomadic tribes of Central Asia).
|Afghan Indo-Pakistan (thaimangoes)|
Gupt, here is a small excerpt from Dr. Pal's maverick research and attempt to reveal real Buddhist history distorted by fraud and political considerations. Our goal, like his, is to get to the truth, to a story that makes sense, to reveal the unknown.
|Non-Jonesian Indology (amazon)|
|[Great unearthed stupa (Buddhist reliquary mound) at Mes Aynak, Afghanistan.]|
|Look, you can tell he's Indian!|
3. The Nigliva Discovery
4. The Lumbini Discovery
5. The Lumbini Pillar Inscription
6. The Location of The Lumbini Pillar
7. The Mayadevi Temple
8. The Piprahwa Discoveries
10. The Kapilavastu of the Chinese Pilgrims
11. Will the Real Kapilavastu Please Stand Up?
13. The Rama Stupa
14. From Rama to Kusinara
16. Postcript17. References
(Wiki) Bonshō are large bells found in Buddhist temples throughout Japan, used to summon the monks to prayer and to demarcate periods of time. Rather than containing a clapper, bonshō (example at Ryōan-ji pictured) are struck from the outside, using either a hand-held mallet or a beam suspended on ropes. The bells are usually made from bronze, typically augmented and ornamented with bosses, raised bands, and inscriptions. The earliest appearance of these bells in Japan dates to around 600 CE, although the general design is of much earlier Chinese origin. Their penetrating and pervasive tone carries over considerable distances, which led to their use as signals, timekeepers, and alarms. The sound is thought to have supernatural properties; it is believed, for example, that it can be heard in the underworld. Their spiritual significance means that they play an important role in Buddhist ceremonies, particularly the New Year and Bon festivals. Throughout Japanese history a number of these bells have become associated with stories and legends, both fictional, such as the Benkei Bell of Mii-dera, and historical, such as the bell of Hōkō-ji. In modern times, bonshō have become symbols of world peace. (Full article...)