|Caucasian ally Lana Del Rey sings in traditional Native American headdress ("Ride").|
|Tangled Vines (Native history in L.A.)|
|Natives overtaken by imperial Spain.|
In 1840, a Frenchman named Jean Louis Vignes (pronounced vines) shipped barrels of wine made from his Los Angeles vineyard to Santa Barbara, Monterey, and San Francisco. The trip is regarded as the first commercial shipment of wine in California, a baby step that would eventually lead to today's $25 billion industry.
|"Susan, this might be just the wine talking, but I think I want to order more wine."|
|Peter, let's eat a dead turkey and get drunk.|
|The "Indians" of Los Angeles|
"Maybe it's no surprise that Los Angeles is ignoring the 175th anniversary milestone since aspects of the city's early involvement with wine were reprehensible. While many people know that [genocidal Catholic saint] Father Junipero Serra and the Franciscan fathers treated the Native Americans badly during the Mission era, virtually enslaving them to plant vineyards and harvest and press grapes, few realize that the Californios and Americans who flooded the state during the Gold Rush treated them even worse. Los Angeles gets special mention for the harsh and punitive laws it enacted to force Native Americans to make [alcohol]."