Indeed, sirs, King Seniya Bimbisara of Magadha with his wife and children has gone to the recluse Gotama [the Buddha] for guidance for life. Indeed, sirs, King Pasenadi of Kosala with his wife and children has gone to the recluse Gotama for guidance for life. Indeed, sirs, the Brahmin Pokkharasati with his wife and children has gone to the recluse Gotama for guidance for life .
A gift bears much fruit if given to a virtuous person, not to a vicious person. As to that, sire, I also will ask you a question. Answer it as you think fit. What think you, sire: Suppose that you were at war, and that the contending armies were being mustered. And there were to arrive a noble youth, untrained, unskilled, unpracticed, undrilled, timid, trembling, affrighted, one who would run away -- would you keep that man? Would such a man be any good to you? 
And again, meditators, when sense pleasures are the cause... having taken sword and shield, having girded on bow and quiver, both sides mass for battle and arrows are hurled, and knives are hurled, and swords are flashing. Those who wound with arrows and wound with knives and decapitate with their swords, these suffer dying then and pain like unto dying...
And again, meditators, when sense pleasures are the cause... having taken sword and shield, having girded on bow and quiver, they leap on to the newly daubed ramparts, and arrows are hurled, and knives are hurled, and swords are flashing. Those who wound with arrows and wound with knives and pour boiling cow-dung over them and crush them with the portcullis and decapitate them with their swords, these suffer dying then and pain like unto dying .
Kings, having arrested such a one, deal out various punishments: they lash him with whips and they lash him with canes and they lash him with rods, and they cut off his hand... his foot... his hand and foot... his ear... and they give him the "gruel-pot" punishment... the "shell-tonsure" punishment... "Rahu's mouth"... the "fire-garland"... the "flaming hand"... and so on .
Now at that time a great sacrifice was arranged to be held for the king, the Kosalan Pasenadi. Five hundred [lit. "a large number"] bulls, five hundred bullocks, and as many heifers, goats, and rams were led to the pillar to be sacrificed. And they that were slaves and menials and craftsmen, hectored about by blows and by fear, made the preparations with tearful faces weeping .
- nakedness or the wearing of rags, tree-bark fiber, kusa grass, wood shavings, or human hair;
- deprivation of food to the extent of existing on a single fruit or rice grain;
- self-mortification through lying on thorns or exposing the body to extremes of heat and cold;
- copying the habits of animals such as walking on all fours or eating similar food.
Why, householder, if the samana Gotama [the Shaman Gautama, the wandering ascetic, the Buddha] were to come into this assembly, with a single question only could we settle him; yes, I think we could roll him over like an empty pot .
Now there are, Kassapa, certain wanderers and Brahmins who are clever, subtle, experienced in debate, hair splitters, who go about, one would think, breaking into pieces by their knowledge the speculations of their adversaries .
The cities of Savatthi, Saketa, Kosambhi, Benares, Rajagaha, and Champa would have been some of the most important centers known to the Buddha, who spent much time in urban environments.
- a rapacious person,
- a person of words not deeds,
- the flatterer, and
- the ne'r-do-well.
|"This is fine." (ThisModernWorld.com)|