|Rebel Toypurina, America's Joan of Arc, was destroyed at the San Gabriel Mission|
|Vandalized Serra (SGPD, 11/3/17)|
[The site was once a Vatican/Spanish concentration camp or "mission" where Los Angeles really began. It is also home of the SG Mission Playhouse, which a few years ago had a play about one of Serra's victims, the Tongva/Kizh superheroine Toypurina.]
|Rebel Medicine Woman Toypurina (SGP)|
California's concentration camps
Elias Castillo (sfgate.com, Nov. 8, 2004)
|Tortured, converted, killed California Natives|
The California Indians, as the proposal says, did have a culture, but they never got a chance to contribute it to California.
The Spanish crown decreed in the 1760s that the Indians were to be rounded up, baptized into Christianity, and their culture destroyed. It was the same policy that Spain had followed in eradicating the complex and advanced cultures of the Mayans, Incas, and Aztecs in [neighboring Mesoamerica that Spain and Rome made part of] Latin America.
In 1769, that near-genocidal policy was launched, under the direction of Father Junipero Serra, with the founding of California's first mission [at San Gabriel].
California "missions" were concentration camps
|Out of the way tribute statute to Toypurina, California (gabrielenoindians.org)|
|Cross of Thorns author Elias Castillo|
Castillo calls Serra “a madman” who, blinded by his single-minded goal of saving souls [possessing people], oversaw the enslavement and deaths of thousands of California Indians.