|This shapeshifting "screaming skull" is an Australian peacock spider (ibtimes.com).|
|Pre-Jewish yogic heart symbol, merging arrows|
- Naraka (Sanskrit नरक, Pali niraya) is a term in Buddhist cosmology usually referred to in English as the "hells" (or the "hell realm") but are something closer to "purgatory." They are closely related to diyu, hell in Chinese mythology. They differ from Christianity/Catholicism in two respects. Beings are not sent in as a result of divine "judgment" or "punishment," and rebirth there is not technically "eternal," but it sure can feel like it even if one is only there a week, how much more if one is there exhausting bad karma for an incomprehensibly long period, up to hundreds of millions to quintillions (1018) of years called kalpas/aeons. More
- 'This is suffering (dukkha, all forms of unpleasant experience, pain, disappointment, dissatisfaction, ill, unhappiness)...
- This is the origination of suffering...
- This is the end of suffering...
- This is the path of practice that leads to the end of suffering.'"
|Indian saint, atheist-Catholic Teresa Mata|
- Catalonia's unilateral declaration of independence from Spain; Madrid government imposes direct rule under Article 155 of its constitution
- Pres. Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan announces that the Kazakh language will begin using a Latin script, rather than the current Cyrillic
- High Court of Australia: 5 parliamentarians ineligible to serve
- At the National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Xi Jinping assumes his second term as General Secretary, and the political theory Xi Jinping Thought is written into the party's constitution
- In Japan, the ruling coalition, led by incumbent Prime Minister Shinzō Abe, retains its house supermajority in the general election