|The Earth we see from high in the foothills of Los Angeles' San Gabriel Valley (W)|
|Mythological conception of our enclosed world "Earth" with space (heavens) above and a shadowy spirit world (Sheol, Hades, Preta-loka) below. However unlikely, cultures agree.|
The Earth is a stationary plane void of any motion or globular curvature, flat across its entire expanse except of course for the contours of hills, mountains, and valleys. The North Pole is the magnetic mono-pole center-point of the flat Earth with Polaris, the North Pole Star, situated directly above.
Polaris is the only motionless star in the heavens with all the other constellations revolving perfect circles over the Earth every night.
The stars are divided into two categories known as the "fixed stars" and the "wandering stars." The fixed stars were so-called because they were observed then as we can observe today to stay fixed in their constellation patterns night after night, year after year, century after century, never changing their relative positions.
The wandering stars, what are today referred to as “planets,” were so-called because they were observed then as we can observe today to wander the heavens taking their own unique spirograph-like patterns making both forward and retrograde motions over and around the Earth during their cycles.