|Red, white, and gold Thai Buddha statues (Piyawit Kampput/p_kampput/FIVE S.P./flickr)|
|What did so many gain from non-greed?|
- Greed (craving, lust) is a cause, a motivation for actions.
- Aversion (manifesting as hate or fear) is a cause, a motivation for actions.
- Delusion (wrong view, ignorance) is a cause, a motivation for actions.
"Any action performed motivated by aversion... Any action performed by delusion..."
|A different dream of green (long-long/flickr)|
"Where that action ripens, there one will experience its fruit, either in this life that has arisen due to (past) karma or further along in future lives. These are three causes that motivate actions.
"Now, there are three [other] causes, three [other] motivations for actions. What are the three?
- 4. Non-greed is a cause, a motivation of actions.
- 5. Non-aversion...
- 6. Non-delusion...
Peaces lies within not without.
- See The Roots of Good and Evil by Ven. Nyanaponika
|Overwhelming kindness, the Buddha at Sukhothai (Ted Richardson Phuket lawyer/flickr)|
"Any action performed with non-aversion...Any action performed with non-delusion... It is just as when seeds are unbroken, able to sprout, unspoiled, undamaged by wind and heat, capable of growing, well planted, buried in well prepared soil, and a person reduces them with fire to fine ashes.
"Having reduced them to fine ashes, one would winnow them away in a good wind or wash them away in a swiftly flowing stream. Those [bad] seeds would thereby be destroyed at the source, made barren like a palmyra stump, deprived of the conditions of development, not destined for future arising.
"In the same way, any action performed with non-greed...performed with non-aversion...performed with non-delusion -- born of non-delusion, caused by non-delusion, originating from non-delusion, when delusion is gone, that karma is abandoned, uprooted, made like a palmyra stump, deprived of the conditions of development, not destined for future arising.
"These, meditators, are three causes for the origination of karma."
- According to the Commentary, "right here" means within the stream [or string] of becoming, of rebirths, of lives (attabhava), i.e., the chain of otherwise endless rebirths. "No other ground is found" means that the fruit of the action is not experienced [because there is no longer any field in which the results of those actions, that karma, to be experienced. The end of rebirth means the end of all unsatisfactory, impermanent, impersonal experience.]
- The Commentary notes that this verse refers to the attainment of full enlightenment (arhatship) and that an arhat -- by realizing nirvana -- sheds not only unfulfilling/unsatisfying good destinations, but also all bad, painful, and miserable destinations.
|What is the second of the Four Noble Truths?|