|Gold Buddha in Sarnath, India near Varanasi/Benares (chandrasekaran a flickr.com)|
|Theravada monks visit Sarnath stupa, Uttar Pradesh, India (Stefaan & Eric/flickr)|
|The Buddha teaches the Five Ascetics|
|The unseen devas are also eager to learn.|
|Devotees at Sarnath stupa (Stefaan & Eric/flickr)|
|Dharma wheel (hmhalff/flickr.com)|
- NOTE: The "three phases" (ti-pariva) are: (i) the knowledge of each truth (sacca-nana), for example, "This is the noble truth of suffering"; (ii) the knowledge of the task to be accomplished regarding each truth (kicca-nana), for example, "This noble truth of suffering is to be fully understood"; and (iii) the knowledge of accomplishment regarding each truth (kata-nana), for example, "This noble truth of suffering has been fully understood." The "12 modes" (dvadasakara) are obtained by applying the three phases to the Four Noble Truths.