|P.S. The secret to enlightenment is satipatthana to realize the khandhas are anatta.|The eye of wisdom arose = sotapannaship.
Most probably it has been excluded from these groupings because the practice of giving does not by its own nature conduce directly and immediately to the arising of insight and the realization of the Four Noble Truths and nirvana (moksha, final liberation, complete freedom).
- the first of the three bases of meritorious deeds
- the first of the four ways of benefiting others*
- the first of the ten "perfections" or paramis.
- *The four "ways of showing favor" are generosity, kind speech, beneficial actions, and unbiased impartiality (A.IV.32; A.VIII.24).