The Four Ennobling Truths
The Four Noble Truths (Sanskrit catvāri āryasatyāni, Pali cattāri ariyasaccāni) are regarded as the core summary of the Buddha's teaching. These ennobling (enlightening) truths are said to provide a conceptual framework for all Buddhist thought.
- dukkha or disappointment (commonly translated as "suffering," "unease," or "unsatisfactoriness")
- its causes (craving rooted in ignorance)
- its cessation (nirvana), and
- the path leading to its cessation.
- The obvious physical and mental suffering associated with rebirth, aging, illness, and dying.
- The anxiety or hardship of trying to hold on to things that are constantly changing.
- A basic disappointment (inability to find fulfillment) pervading all existence, due to the fact that all forms of rebirth are unsatisfactoriness, impermanent, and without any inner core or enduring substance.